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Musical Terms


Accelerando - gradually increasing in speed
Adagio - slow
Allargando - becoming slower and broader
Allegro - happily, fast, quickly
Andante - moving along in walking speed
a tempo - resume original speed
Cantabile - in singing style
Common time (C)  -  same  4/ 4  time
Contrary motion - hands moving in opposite directions
Da capo al fine - Repeat from the beginning to the word "fine"
Decrescendo -- gradually softer (same as "diminuendo")
Dolce -  sweetly
Fine - the end
Forte (
f ) - loud
Fortissimo
 (f(f ) - very loud
Grazioso - gracefully
Interval - the distance from one note to the next
Largo -  very slow
Legato - smoothly, connected
Loco  - as written ( not 8va)
Maestoso - majestically
Mezzo forte - moderately loud
Mezzo Piano - moderately soft
Moderato - a moderate speed
Octave sign (8va) Play 8 scale tones ( one octave) higher when the sign is above the notes
    and  8 scale tones ( one octave) lower when the sign is below the notes
Pianissimo
( pp )  -- very soft
Piano  (
p) -- soft
Poco - little, small
Poco a poco - little by little
Prestissimo - very fast
Presto - fast
Ritardando  - slowing
Scherzo -  a musical joke
Segue - continue
Sforzando - slowing
Simile  - continue in the same manner
Staccato - short, detached notes
Tempo  - rate of speed
Tetrachord -- 4 tones having a pattern of
whole step -whole step - half step