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Innovative communication through the arts of  language and music
Lesson Four

Topic:  The treble staff continued – the position of notes on the keyboard, middle C, leger notes.

Main Activity:   Writing whole notes on the treble staff, writing letter names of notes on the treble staff, and finding
some treble notes on the keyboard.

Look at a piano keyboard again. How many keys does it have?
A full size piano has 88 keys. An electronic keyboard might have fewer keys, depending on the size of the keyboard.

Do you remember the names of the keys on the piano keyboard or electronic keyboard? (They are the same) Where
do you find D? What about C.
Stop. Review lesson one. Then find some keys on this keyboard. Proceed only after
you have reviewed lesson one.
The C in the middle of the keyboard is called middle C. The name middle C distinguishes this C from all the other
Cs on the keyboard. Try finding C smack in the middle of the keyboard. It is about the same distance from the left
as it is from the right.

The sound of middle C is very important. Some musicians and singers memorize it.

This is middle C on the treble staff.
Notice that it is not on any of the 5 lines or in any of the 4 spaces.  It is written on a line below the treble staff. The
line it is written on is called a ledger line. A ledger line is like an imaginary line that continues below or above the
original lines. It ia and added line. Only a small part of this line is drawn. We say Middle C in on the first ledger line
below the treble staff.

Here is Middle C on the keyboard

Now look at the staff again (not the keyboard). There is a space between middle C on the ledger line and the 1st line.    That
space has a name. It is D. It is sometimes called Middle D

Here is D in a leger space. We sometimes say that it is hiding under the treble staff, or stuck to the bottom of it.
On the keyboard this D is the next white key to the right of Middle C.