Indefinite Pronouns                          
Any
anyone
anybody
anything
Some
something,
someone
somebody
No
nobody
nothing
no one
Every
everything
everybody
everyone
Referring to People - anyone, anybody,  someone, everyone,  no one, somebody,  nobody,
everybody, anybody

These are used to talk about unspecified people or about people in general.

Let's put them in groups according to their significance and use.

  • anyone /anybody
  • someone/somebody
  • nobody/no one
  • everyone / everybody


Use a
nyone /anybody when the name of the person is unmentioned.
In a question these have the same meaning - any person regardless of who.

Mary hears a knock at the door, but she is not expecting any particular person. (She is not
expecting anyone.) John, her husband, answers the door. She asks, " Do you see

anyone/anybody
at the door?"

He answers, " Yes, there is
someone/somebody here.

Use someone/somebody  when the name of the person is unmentioned.
In a statement these have the same meaning - any person regardless of who.

----------------------
We were at a party. The head waiter, Tim, wanted to know if everybody/everyone (meaning all )
had been served his special ice cream treat. The waiters told him that
everyone/everybody had
received dessert and that
nobody/no one ( meaning  not even one person) had refused his
special ice cream treat.
Referring to Things - something, anything, nothing, everything

These are used to talk about unspecified things or about things in general.

Examples:

Everything is going my way. (all things)

Something is bothering him. (We don't know what that thing is.)

I didn't buy
anything. (not one thing)

I bought
nothing. (not one thing)

Important note:

Use anything in a negative sentence.
Use
nothing in an affirmative sentence.
As subject of a sentence, an indefinite pronoun always takes a singular verb.

It might be important to mention the following words even though they are
not all indefinite pronouns.
somewhere        
An adverb  meaning
in some unspecified
place
anywhere
indefinite pronoun
and adverb meaning
unknown or
unspecified place
nowhere

noun/adverb meaning  
not in or to any place
everywhere

an adverb meaning
i
n or to in all places
I lost my wallet somewhere on the beach.
There is nobody
anywhere who has a dinosaur  as a pet.
I read the story twice.
Nowhere did it mention a creature with one eye.
Books are so popular that you find them
everywhere.
Indefinite Pronouns can be used as subjects, subject compliments and objects.

Examples:

They are excited about s
omething.  (Here something is the object of the preposition about.)

Everyone
took the test. ( Here everyone is the subject in the sentence)

She is probably  
someone very important to him.( compliment to the subject He)
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